Human behaviour, consumption and business activities have been identified as the main cause of the climate crisis the earth is facing at present, having seriously detrimental effects on the earth’s bio capacity to sustain life. These effects, referred to as anthropogenic impacts, are causing degradation of the globally shared public resource known as natural capital.
Environmental Crisis in the Islamic World
In this paper, the author explains that the origin of current environmental crisis can be traced back to industrial revolution. While industrialization provided many benefits, the greed and avarice in human beings need conditioning through morality and values.
Implication of Greed in Resource Conservation
Money supply can be increased out of thin air, but the non-renewable resources once exhausted cannot be brought back. Remarkably, the importance of ecology is not learnt even after repeated unsuccessful expeditions in space to search life supporting environment. An illuminating, enlightening and informative book cannot be valued just by measuring the cost of pages, printing and binding.
Corona Virus and Free Market Economics
Mainstream economics treats altruism as ‘impure’. It looks at altruism in the paradigm of pursuing self-interest. Economists like Andreoni reason that altruism can be explained through the ‘warm glow’ effect. People feel good to help others as they gain personal and private comfort. They might be doing it because of social pressure, to gain fame, to improve social image, to exhibit status or to avoid the guilt of saying no to a cause in public. The paradigm of self-interest is neutral between a person’s decision to help others or to not help others.
Reflections on the Outbreak and Effects of Corona Virus
The doctors and nurses who have risked their lives to treat patients have defied these explanations and proved that altruism can be genuine. The idea of selfish self-interest needs revision. John Nash gave the idea that everybody does what’s best for him and the group. Referring to humans as a group, Dawkins think that Selfish Gene has no inherent morals and only has survival instincts. Morality is then just an instrument to achieve survival of the fittest.
Significance of Recycling for Environmental Sustainability
In the Islamic framework, there is an emphasis on conservation, preservation and responsible use of resources. There is a discouragement for excessiveness, extravagance, lavishness and wastefulness in the use of resources. These norms are especially needed in the present times to foster a healthy, livable and sustainable ecosystem. In 2019 alone, humans have used up resources for the whole year within 7 months according to World Economic Forum.