Author argues in the paper that the principles of good corporate governance (GCG) in Islam are more stakeholder oriented than shareholder oriented. It implies that maximizing shareholder wealth is one goal among the many for the corporation in Islamic perspective. It shall fulfil responsibilities towards other stakeholders including internal and external stakeholders.
Financing Microenterprises with Islamic Social Finance Instruments
The aim of Islamic social finance is to support socio-economic empowerment, progress, and the development of society. Pooling resources from social finance instruments, like Zakat (alms giving), Waqf (endowments), Qardh al-hasan (interest free benevolent lending), Takaful, and Sadaqah (charity), can establish and lead to growth of lower-income micro-enterprises in the country.
Profit and Loss Sharing Two Tier Mudarabah
This paper mathematically analyzes the two-tier Mudarabah model in an exclusive Islamic financial environment and under dual banking system.
Role of Istihsan in Applying Maslahah in Islamic Finance
This paper identifies the role of Istihsan in Islamic finance that should be emphasized to strengthen the element of Shari’ah compliance.
Islamic Social Finance and Commercial Finance: A Marriage Made in Heaven
This paper aims to explore different forms and models of integration between Islamic commercial finance and social finance including the problem that arise as well as the solution of each of the models to promote inclusive economic growth.
Islamic Finance Involvement in Supply Chain of Financed Assets
This paper is a novel attempt to analyze the involvement of Islamic financial institutions in supply chain of financed assets. It argues that since Islamic bank has to have ownership and possession of the asset besides undertaking risk of the asset in trade and lease contracts, Islamic bank has to engage more intently in supply chain than the conventional bank.
Prohibition of Interest in the Context of Böhm-Bawerk’s Time Preference Theory of Interest
This paper discusses the theory of interest espoused by Böhm-Bawerk. He described time preference as the origin of the legitimacy of the existence of interest. Time preference is defined as people’s attribution of more value to present goods than future goods with the same quality and quantity. Future goods can be consumed only in the future, whereas present goods can be consumed both now and in the future.
Issuing Licenses for Digital Banking to Conventional Financial Institutions
It is suggested that the SBP makes amendments in the Digital Banking License Framework so that only Islamic licenses will be issued. This will ensure that future digital banks that are established in the country also operate under Islamic banking principles. Deposits in Islamic banking have grown more swiftly than in conventional banking. Hence, it is in the best interest of any new player in this market segment to offer Shari’ah compliant financial services than otherwise.
Islamic View on Interest as Price of Capital
In modern mainstream economics, the definition of physical capital stock implies that it includes ‘produced means of production’. Some examples of physical capital stock in contemporary businesses include equipment, tools, machinery, buildings, furniture, infrastructures, installations and production plants.
Challenges for Islamic Banks with Transition from LIBOR
From the Islamic finance industry perspective, an important criterion for the industry wide adoption of any benchmark, particularly one that is published every business day, is the simplicity, reliability and robustness of its methodology.