This paper discusses that the socio-economic aspect of Waqf is much less focused upon in research studies. More focus is on jurisprudential and legalistic studies. While they are important, it is also vital to discuss and pay attention to socio-economic aspects of Waqf in Waqf economics.
Cash Waqf Risk Management and Perpetuity Restriction Conundrum
This paper discusses the issue of risk vis-à-vis the perpetuity restriction principle inherent in Waqf (Islamic endowment). The authors contend that as a result of Ijtihad, particularly Istihsan bi-al-urf (juristic preference on the basis of custom), endowing cash as Waqf is now accepted in the Muslim world.
Constituting an Islamic Social Welfare Function: An Exploration through Islamic Moral Economy
The noted authors explain that the main contribution of this study is to present a model in which juristic and moralist positions are endogenized and augmented to constitute Islamic social welfare function.
Roundup of World Zakat Forum 2021
The discussions in the forum emphasized on creating synergy between Zakat and Waqf and integrate both the institutions together in institutional design and delivery as well as in public and social policy in member countries.
Cash Waqf Model for Microenterprises’ Human Capital Development
Cash Waqf has a unique feature of flexibility in allocation of economic resources for their use in redistribution efforts, in terms of cash transfers, asset transfers, skills transfer through education and productivity transfers through health services.
Bibliometric Analysis of Research on Waqf
In this paper, the author had attempted to provide a systematic literature review on Waqf using two prominent research databases, i.e. Scopus and Web of Science. The author, in final analysis, analyzed 257 research documents.
The World Economy and Islamic Economics in the Time of COVID-19
This paper presents statistics to illustrate the economic effects of COVID-19 in the global economy. Poverty and unemployment in the informal sector of developing economies is on the rise. On the other hand, developed economies have also seen economic contraction. Capital markets have seen sharp decline in the early part of 2020. However, the author notes that Islamic equity portfolios were less affected. This finding is discovered in other empirical studies as well where Islamic portfolios are found to perform relatively better in economic and market downturns.
Economics of Wasteful or Excessive Consumption
Islamic economics principles discourage excessive spending and encourage sharing resources with wider community through Sadqa, Waqf and Riba-free Qard. This can provide more resources at the disposal of poor and needy and for the social causes which are working for the educational and health related needs of poor and needy. Therefore, this can help in tackling poverty, hunger, low levels of schooling and under-provision of health services.
Islamic View on Scarcity of Resources
Socialists claim that economic problems arise from the extraction of surplus value by the Capitalists in the production process. On the other hand, Capitalists urge that scarcity of resources is the basic economic problem which restricts output growth because wants are innumerable, but the resources for satisfying those wants are limited. Nonetheless, the empirical evidence does not support that resources are scarce for legitimate and compulsory economic needs.
Islamic Texts on Consumption and Spending
This article looks at some of the descriptive and prescriptive teachings of Al-Quran and Sunnah (Ways of Prophet Muhammad [pbuh]) on consumption and spending behaviour.